参議院法制局

Outline of the Legislative Bureau House of Councillors

The Legislative Bureau of the House of Councillors is:

- a national organ which was established to assist Members of the House of Councillors to carry out legislative activities.

- an organ which is independent of the Secretariat of the House of Councillors and is under the supervision of the President of the House of Councillors. The Commissioner General of the Legislative Bureau of the House of Councillors is appointed by the President of the House of Councillors with the approval of the House .

Underlying Laws

- The Diet law: paragraph 1 of Article 131, "A Legislative Bureau shall be established in each House to assist Diet Members in drafting bills".

- The Legislative Bureaus of the Houses Law (Law No. 92, 1948)

History

 At the time of the inauguration of the Diet in May 1947, the Legislative Bureau of the House of Councillors started as a legislative department of the Secretariat of the House. To enhance its functions, the department was separated from the Secretariat and developed into the Legislative Bureau of the House.

Duties

- Formulating bills

- Formulating revisions of bills

- Various research on legal matters

Organization

- Commissioner General

- Deputy Commissioner General

- Five departments and ten divisions (to assist Members in carrying out legislative activities in response to the Committees and the Research Commission and Committees of the House)

- Superintendent of Legislation (assigned to work on important legal issues under the direction of the Commissioner General)

- General Afrairs Division

- Research Division
Full Number: 75 staff members other than the Commissioner General

commissioner General

1st
Dept.
1st
Div.
Committee on Fundamental National Policies
Committee on Rules and Administration
Committee on Discipline
Commission on the Constitution
2nd
Div.
Committee on Cabinet
Committee on Oversight of Administration
Special Committee on Regional Revitalization and Consumer Affairs
2nd
Dept.
1st
Div.
Committee on Health, Welfare and Labour
Research Committee on National Life and Economy
2nd
Div.
Committee on Health, Welfare and Labour
Committee on Economy and Industry
Research Committee on Natural Resources and Energy
3rd
Dept.
1st
Div.
Committee on General Affairs
Special Committee on Political Ethics and Election System
2nd
Div.
Committee on Land and Transport
Special Committee on Disasters
Special Committee on Reconstruction after the Great East Japan Earthquake
4th
Dept.
1st
Div.
Committee on Financial Affairs
Committee on Budget
Committee on Audit
2nd
Div.
Committee on Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Committee on Environment
5th
Dept.
1st
Div.
Committee on Judicial Affairs
Committee on Foreign Affairs and Defense
Special Committee on Okinawa and Northern Problems
Special Committee on North Korean Abduction Issue and Related Matters
Special Committee on Official Development Assistance and Related Matters
Research Committee on International Economy and Foreign Affairs
2nd
Div.
Committee on Education, Culture and Science