Outline of the Legislative Bureau House of Councillors

The Legislative Bureau of the House of Councillors is:

- a national organ which was established to assist Members of the House of Councillors to carry out legislative activities.
- an organ which is independent of the Secretariat of the House of Councillors and is under the supervision of the President of the House of Councillors. The Commissioner General of the Legislative Bureau of the House of Councillors is appointed by the President of the House of Councillors with the approval of the House .

Underlying Laws

- The Diet law: paragraph 1 of Article 131, "A Legislative Bureau shall be established in each House to assist Diet Members in drafting bills".
- The Legislative Bureaus of the Houses Law (Law No. 92, 1948)

History

    At the time of the inauguration of the Diet in May 1947, the Legislative Bureau of the House of Councillors started as a legislative department of the Secretariat of the House. To enhance its functions, the department was separated from the Secretariat and developed into the Legislative Bureau of the House.

Duties

- Formulating bills
- Formulating revisions of bills
- Various research on legal matters

Organization

- Commissioner General
- Deputy Commissioner General
- Five departments and ten divisions (to assist Members in carrying out legislative activities in response to the Committees and the Research Commission and Committees of the House)
- Superintendent of Legislation (assigned to work on important legal issues under the direction of the Commissioner General)
- General Afrairs Division
- Research Division
  Full Number: 75 staff members other than the Commissioner General

1st Dept. 1st Div. Committee on Fundamental National Policies
Committee on Rules and Administration
Committee on Discipline
Commission on the Constitution
Research Committee on Governing Structures
2nd Div. Committee on Cabinet
Committee on Oversight of Administration
Special Committee on Consumer Affairs
2nd Dept. 1st Div. Committee on Health, Welfare and Labour
2nd Div. Committee on Health, Welfare and Labour
aCommittee on Economy and Industry
3rd Dept. 1st Div. Committee on General Affairs
Special Committee on Political Ethics and Election System
2nd Div. Committee on Land and Transport

Special Committee on Disasters
Special Committee on Reconstruction after the Great East Japan Earthquake
4th Dept. 1st Div. Committee on Financial Affairs
Committee on Budget
Committee on Audit
Research Committee on Deflation-Ending Measures and Strengthening Public Finance for Nationals' Life
2nd Div. Committee on Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Committee on Environment
Special Committee on Nuclear Power Issues
5th Dept. 1st Div. Committee on Judicial Affairs
Committee on Foreign Affairs and Defense
Special Committee on Okinawa and Northern Problems
Special Committee on North Korean Abduction Issue and Related Matters
Special Committee on Official Development Assistance and Related Matters
2nd Div. Committee on Education, Culture and Science

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